Moot courts have been around since the late 1700s. They’re a law school activity and competition during which students participate in preparing and arguing cases in front of judges. The case and sides are selected beforehand, and students are given a set amount of time to prepare for the eventual trial.
This particular exercise is intended to introduce you to the work of the International Criminal Court (ICC).
The judges, the defence lawyers and the prosecution lawyers will each need to choose one of themselves as their leader.
The leader of the judges is the Presiding Judge. He has control of the court, and takes the main speaking role for the judges.
The leader of the prosecution lawyers is the Prosecutor. The leader of the defence lawyers is Lead Counsel for the Defence. These two leaders must be in charge of their teams, must answer questions from the judges when they are asked and must decide which lawyers on their teams will present each argument or question each witness.
The prosecution and defence teams each work together to prepare the arguments for the hearing. It is best to have only one member of each team speaking at each stage; whether it is questioning of the witness or presenting an argument. The other members of the team help prepare the arguments before the hearing, as well as following the argument and making suggestions to answer questions in the hearing.